Swelling

CONDITIONS WE TREAT:

  • Heel & Arch Pain
  • Arthritis & Bone Spurs
  • Diabetic Care
  • Children's Injuries
  • Geriatric Care
  • Dermatology
  • Dermatitis
  • Arterial & Venous Conditions
  • Ingrown Nails
  • Puncture Wounds
  • Advanced Wound Care
  • Skin Grafting
  • Soft Tissue Masses
  • Lumps and Bumps
  • Nerve Conditions
  • Neuropathy
  • Shin Splints
  • Pronation
  • Supination
  • Toenail Conditions
  • Psoriasis
  • Warts
  • Lacerations
  • Gout
  • Infections
  • Metatarsalgia
  • Congenital Deformities
  • Hammer Toes
  • Corns
  • Callouses
  • Pump Bump
  • Hagland's Deformity
  • Posterior Tibial Tendonitis
  • Pre-dislocation Syndrome
  • Hallux Limitus
  • Hallux Rigidus
  • Fibromatosis
  • Sesamoiditis
  • Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome
  • Sports Medicine
  • Sport Injuries
  • Sprains & Strains
  • Plantar Fasciitis
  • Stress Fractures
  • Turf Toe
  • Achilles Tendonitis
  • Injuries
  • Fractures
  • Trauma
  • Bunion
  • Tailor's Bunion
  • Short Metatarsal
  • High Arched Feet
  • Flat Feet
  • Hammer Toes
  • Burns
  • Congenital Defects
  • Neuromas
  • Skin Lesions
  • Joint Implants
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis
  • Degenerative Arthritis
  • Tumors
  • Tendon Repair
  • Scars
  • Contractures

PARTIAL LIST OF TREATMENTS

  • Reconstruction of Foot & Ankle
  • Ankle Distraction for DJD/Trauma
  • Ankle Fusion
  • Arthroscopic Surgery
  • Big Toe Distraction for DJD
  • Bunion Repair
  • Cavus Reconstruction
  • Custom-made Orthotics & Braces
  • Charcot Reconstruction
  • Deformity Correction
  • Cryopen
  • Diabetic Surgeries
  • Electrical Stimulation
  • External Fixation
  • Flatfoot Reconstruction
  • Fracture Repair
  • Hammertoe Correction
  • Ilizarov Frame
  • Iontophoresis
  • Joint Preservation
  • Joint Fusion
  • Ligament Repair
  • Metatarsal Lengthening
  • Mini-External Fixation
  • Neuropathy Treatment
  • Neuroma Surgery
  • Non-Surgical Fracture Healing
  • Physical Therapy
  • Diagnostic Radiology
  • Shock Wave Therapy (ESTW)
  • Tendon Repair & Transfer
  • Triple Arthrodesis
  • Diagnostic Ultrasound
  • Heel Spur Surgery (Endoscopic & Open)
 

Swelling of the feet, ankles and legs, also known as edema, is often caused by an abnormal build-up of fluids in ankle and leg tissues. Painless swelling of the feet and ankles is a common problem, particularly in older people. It may affect both legs, including the calves and/or thighs. Because of gravity, swelling is particularly noticeable in the lower legs. Swelling in the legs and feet may also be a symptom of other, more serious health issues, such as heart failure, renal failure, or liver failure.

Common causes of foot, ankle, and leg edema include:

  • Blood pressure-lowering drugs.
  • Body fluid overload.
  • Burns.
  • Certain antidepressants.
  • Congestive heart failure.
  • Diagnostic tests.
  • Environment.
  • Estrogens and progestin oral contraceptives.
  • Extremity surgery.
  • Generalized allergy.
  • Glomerulonephritis or other kinds of kidney disorders.
  • Infiltration of an intravenous site.
  • Injury or trauma to the ankle or foot.
  • Insect bite or sting.
  • Long airplane flights or automobile rides.
  • Long-term corticosteroid therapy.
  • Medical treatments.
  • Medications.
  • Menstrual periods (for some women).
  • Pregnancy (mild to severe swelling).
  • Prolonged standing.
  • Starvation or malnutrition.
  • Sunburn.
  • Testosterone.
  • Venogram.
  • Venous insufficiency (varicose veins).

You can mitigate swelling by elevating your legs above the heart while lying down. Avoid sitting or standing without moving for prolonged periods of time. Avoid putting anything directly under the knees when lying down, and don't wear constricting clothing or garters on the upper legs.

Exercising the legs causes the fluid to work back into the veins and lymphatic channels so that the swelling goes down. Mild pressure applied by elastic bandages or support stockings can help reduce ankle swelling. A low-salt diet may also help reduce fluid retention and decrease the ankle swelling.