Foot Anatomy

CONDITIONS WE TREAT:

  • Heel & Arch Pain
  • Arthritis & Bone Spurs
  • Diabetic Care
  • Children's Injuries
  • Geriatric Care
  • Dermatology
  • Dermatitis
  • Arterial & Venous Conditions
  • Ingrown Nails
  • Puncture Wounds
  • Advanced Wound Care
  • Skin Grafting
  • Soft Tissue Masses
  • Lumps and Bumps
  • Nerve Conditions
  • Neuropathy
  • Shin Splints
  • Pronation
  • Supination
  • Toenail Conditions
  • Psoriasis
  • Warts
  • Lacerations
  • Gout
  • Infections
  • Metatarsalgia
  • Congenital Deformities
  • Hammer Toes
  • Corns
  • Callouses
  • Pump Bump
  • Hagland's Deformity
  • Posterior Tibial Tendonitis
  • Pre-dislocation Syndrome
  • Hallux Limitus
  • Hallux Rigidus
  • Fibromatosis
  • Sesamoiditis
  • Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome
  • Sports Medicine
  • Sport Injuries
  • Sprains & Strains
  • Plantar Fasciitis
  • Stress Fractures
  • Turf Toe
  • Achilles Tendonitis
  • Injuries
  • Fractures
  • Trauma
  • Bunion
  • Tailor's Bunion
  • Short Metatarsal
  • High Arched Feet
  • Flat Feet
  • Hammer Toes
  • Burns
  • Congenital Defects
  • Neuromas
  • Skin Lesions
  • Joint Implants
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis
  • Degenerative Arthritis
  • Tumors
  • Tendon Repair
  • Scars
  • Contractures

PARTIAL LIST OF TREATMENTS

  • Reconstruction of Foot & Ankle
  • Ankle Distraction for DJD/Trauma
  • Ankle Fusion
  • Arthroscopic Surgery
  • Big Toe Distraction for DJD
  • Bunion Repair
  • Cavus Reconstruction
  • Custom-made Orthotics & Braces
  • Charcot Reconstruction
  • Deformity Correction
  • Cryopen
  • Diabetic Surgeries
  • Electrical Stimulation
  • External Fixation
  • Flatfoot Reconstruction
  • Fracture Repair
  • Hammertoe Correction
  • Ilizarov Frame
  • Iontophoresis
  • Joint Preservation
  • Joint Fusion
  • Ligament Repair
  • Metatarsal Lengthening
  • Mini-External Fixation
  • Neuropathy Treatment
  • Neuroma Surgery
  • Non-Surgical Fracture Healing
  • Physical Therapy
  • Diagnostic Radiology
  • Shock Wave Therapy (ESTW)
  • Tendon Repair & Transfer
  • Triple Arthrodesis
  • Diagnostic Ultrasound
  • Heel Spur Surgery (Endoscopic & Open)
 

The foot is made up of 26 bones, 33 joints, 107 ligaments, 19 muscles, and numerous tendons. Complex biomechanics keep all these parts in the right position and moving together. Given these intricacies, it is not surprising that most people will experience some problem with their feet at some time in their lives.

Within each foot, the essential structure can be summed up as follows:

  • Seven short tarsal bones make up the heel and back of the instep.
  • Five metatarsal bones spread from the back of the foot toward front and make up the structure for the ball of the foot. Each metatarsal is associated with one of the toes.
  • Fourteen phalanges, small bones, form the toe structure.
  • Tarsal and metatarsal bones provide the structure for the arch of the foot.
  • Bands of ligaments connect and hold all the bones in place.
  • A thick layer of fatty tissue under the sole helps absorb the pressure and shock that comes from walking and everyday movements.